9 Best Bitcoin Mining Pools: Legit Sites (2020 Companies)

BiblePay (BBP)

BiblePay (BBP) is a Charity Christian Cryptocurrency that donates 10% of coins to Charity every month, sponsoring orphans
[link]

Updated list of Global Beermoney opportunities (+180!) - June 2020

Updated list of Global Beermoney opportunities (+180!) - June 2020

Introduction

The current, and now previous, Beermoney Global list started nearly 5 years ago. It’s been updated and has grown over all that time, but it also became a hassle to keep current. It was time to build a new list from scratch based on my experience in the Beermoney world over all these years and all the contributions all of you have been making in this sub.
The lists consist of opportunities that are available in at least one country that is not the US. This means there are sites which only work in Canada or the UK. There’s sites which are open to the whole world, but this does not mean everyone can really earn something on it. It’s all still very demographic and therefore location dependent. This list should give you a starting point to try out and find what works for you. I’m not using everything myself as I prefer to focus on a few, so not all are tested by me. They are found in this sub, other subreddits and other resources where people claim to have success.
I’ve chosen the format of a simple table with the bare minimum of information to keep things clean. It includes a link, how you earn, personal payment proof if available and sign-up bonus codes if applicable. Some of these bonuses are also one-time use codes specifically made for this sub! For the ones I don’t have payment proof (yet) feel free to provide some as a comment or via modmail so others know it’s legit. I am working on detailed instructions for each method that I personally use which will include things like cashout minimum, cashout options, tips & tricks,... For now I’ve split things up based on the type of earning like passive or mobile. Because of this there’s sometimes an overlap as some are both passive and on mobile or both earning crypto and a GPT (Get Paid To) website.
The lists are obviously not complete so I invite you to keep posting new ones in the sub, as a comment to this post, or in modmail. Especially if you have sites or apps which work for one single specific country I can start building a list, just like I did for The Netherlands and Belgium. If you recognize things which are in fact scams or not worth it let me know as well.

Beermoney opportunities

Get Paid To (Surveys, tasks, offers, videos, clicking links, play games, searching)
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
ySense - The best global site Surveys, tasks, offers, videos Paypal, Paypal /
PrizeRebel Surveys, tasks, offers, videos Paypal, Paypal Enter code 'beermoneyglobal'
SerpClix Google searching Paypal, Paypal /
Swagbucks & SwagButton Surveys, tasks, offers, videos, shopping & cashback, games, apps Paypal /
GG2U Surveys, tasks, offers, videos Paypal $1.00 if register here
Keep Rewarding Surveys, tasks, offers, videos, PTC Pending $0.25 if register here
Ebesucher Surfing, reading mails Bank transfer /
Reward XP Surveys, tasks, offers, videos Paypal $0.50 if register here
Gain.gg Surveys, tasks, offers, videos Paypal $0.10 if register here
Timebucks Surveys, tasks, offers, videos, Tik Tok, Shopping Bitcoin $1.00 if register here
GamerMine Surveys, offers, videos, tasks, Pending $1.00 if register here
Gamehag Tasks, offers, play games, post on forum, writing Pending /
BTCSurveys Surveys Pending /
FruitLab Watch & upload video game clips Pending 100 pips if register here
Clickworker Transcripts, tasks, UHRS (categorizing), surveys Paypal /
FreeSkins Surveys, offers, tasks, videos Pending 100 coins if register here
iRazoo Games, surveys, videos, offers, apps Pending Enter code 'AK7DB2' for 500 points when signing up
EarnCrypto Data entry, surveys, offers, tasks, videos, games, apps Pending /
Blockreward Apps, surveys, videos, tasks, offers Pending $2.00 if register here and earn 20000b + $2.00 if earn 10000b within 30 days
PaidViewPoint Surveys Paypal /
GrabPoints Suverys, videos, offers, games, apps Pending 500 points if register here
RewardingWays Surveys, offers, tasks, videos, contests Pending $0.20 if register here
SuperPay Surveys, offers, tasks, videos, contests Pending $0.20 if register here
InstaGC Surveys, tasks, videos, apps Pending /
GiftHunterClub Surveys, offers, videos, apps, games Pending $0.75 if register here
Idle-Empire Surveys, offers, videos, mining, apps, games Pending 500 points if register here
PicoWorkers Tasks, games, apps Pending /
ViewFruit Surveys Pending /
Mobrog (change language if needed) Surveys Pending /
Surveytime Surveys Pending /
Giveaway Pros Offers, videos Pending /
SEO Sprint (Russian, use Google Translate) Tasks Pending /
Earnhoney Surveys, tasks, offers, videos Pending /
Toluna Surveys Pending /
Spidermetrix Surveys Pending /
BeerSurveys Surveys, tasks, offers Pending /
CrowdHolding Co-create with startups Pending /
Diaworkers Tasks Pending /
Presearch Search & Earn Pending /
Univox Community Surveys Pending /
YouGov Surveys Pending /
Spare5 Tasks Paypal /
Rewardia Surveys, polls, games, videos, puzzles, trivia Pending 3000 points extra (when you earn 3000 points) if register here
Earnably Surveys, tasks, offers, videos Pending /
Neevo Tasks Pending /
Rakuten Insight (country specific links) Surveys Pending /
The Panel Station Surveys Pending /
Remotasks Tasks Pending /
Pureprofile Surveys Pending /
UserCrowd Tasks PayPal /
Sruvey Village Surveys Pending /
InboxDollars/InboxPounds Surveys, offers, videos, shopping Pending /
Qmee Surveys Pending /
MicroWorkers Tasks Pending /
Cinchbucks Surveys, offers, tasks, videos Pending /
Rewards1 Suverys, videos, offers, games, apps, polls, contests Pending /
Vindale Surveys Pending /
PointClub Surveys Pending /
TGM Panel Surveys Pending /
PaidPoints Tasks, offers, traffic exchange, ad clicking Pending /
RapidWorkers Tasks Pending /
AnyTask Sell your skills Pending /
Bounty0x Tasks Pending /
Opinion World Surveys Pending /
Lifepoints Surveys Pending /
HiveMicro Tasks, transcribing, categorizing Pending /
Passive (desktop & mobile)
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
HoneyGain Desktop & mobile phone bandwith sharing (wifi + data) Paypal, Paypal $5.00 if register here
FluidStack Desktop bandwith sharing (Linux needed) Paypal /
PacketStream Desktop bandwith sharing Paypal /
LoadTeam CPU power sharing Pending $0.20 if register here
Gener8 Browser extension Pending 10 tokens if register here
Kryptex Crypto mining Bitcoin /
Ebesucher Surfing, reading mails Bank transfer /
Honeyminer Mining Pending 1000 satoshis if register here
LazyBucks Rent out your Facebook account Pending /
HideoutTV and link to Reward XP to cashout Videos Paypal /
Honey Discounts & Cashback / 500 Honey Gold if register here
Fitplay Games Pending $0.33 if register here
Mistplay Games Pending /
Money SMS Receive SMS Pending /
McMoney Receive SMS Pending $0.22 if using code '60LGG3PR'
SMS Profit Net Receive SMS Pending /
Simcash Send SMS [risky] Pending /
Cash4sms Send [risky] & receive SMS Pending /
ControlMySMS Receive SMS Pending /
Birdchain Send SMS [risky] Pending /
Sweatcoin Walking Pending /
COIN Explore Pending 1000 coins if register here
Panel App Surveys, location sharing Pending /
Phoneum Games, mining Pending /
Crypto (faucets, mining, GPT)
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Cointiply Faucet, surveys, tasks, offers, videos Bitcoin Enter code 'beermoneyglobal'
FreeBitcoin Faucet, lottery, betting, passive interest Bitcoin /
AdBTC Click ads, active window surfing, autosurfing Pending /
Faucetpay Faucet Wallet, exchange, offers, tasks, trading Pending /
Faucet Crypto Faucet, ads clicking, offers, shortlinks Pending /
More Money Faucet, ads clicking, offers, shortlinks Pending /
Kryptex Crypto mining Pending /
Quicrypto Surveys, tasks, offers, games, videos Pending /
Coinpot Faucet Bitcoin /
Honeyminer Mining Pending 1000 satoshis if register here
BitShark Faucet, games Pending /
Publish0x Read & write articles Pending /
Starbits Faucet (need FaucetPay account) Pending /
Coinpayu Ads clicking, videos, offers Pending /
BTCSurveys Surveys Pending /
Blockreward Apps, surveys, videos Pending $2.00 if register here and earn 20000b + $2.00 if earn 10000b within 30 days
Coinbase Crypto sign-up bonuses Bank transfer See links in thread
LBRY.tv Watch videos Pending /
Pi Network Crypto mining Pending (see here) To join you need a referral link
EarnCrypto Data entry, surveys, offers, tasks, videos, games, apps Pending /
Phoneum Games, mining Pending /
Mobile
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Cointiply Faucet, surveys, tasks, offers, videos Bitcoin Enter code 'beermoneyglobal'
HoneyGain Desktop & mobile phone bandwith sharing (wifi + data) Paypal $5.00 if register here
Google Opinion Rewards Surveys Play Store credit /
FreeBitcoin Faucet, lottery, betting, passive interest Bitcoin /
AppKarma Games, quizes, surveys Pending Enter code 'Proim' for 300 points when signing up
CashKarma Surveys, offers, games Pending Enter code 'Proim' for 300 points when signing up
Cash Alarm Games Pending Receive 25% of my earnings if register here
Cash Magnet Games, offers, tasks, videos Pending /
AttaPoll Surveys Pending /
ClipClaps Videos, games, raffles PayPall $1.00 & Diamond Chest if register here
Quicrypto Surveys, tasks, offers, games, videos Pending /
Poll Pay Surveys Pending $0.30 if using code '4CS6L4SQ8D' when signing up
BuzzBreak Read news, videos, offers, surveys Pending Enter code 'B06472489' when signing up
Userlytics Software testing Pending /
WowApp Games, offers, surveys, videos, chat, phone unlock, calling, cashback, shopping cashback, browsing, news reading Pending /
CuriousCat Surveys Pending /
Quickthoughts Surveys Pending /
Fitplay Games Pending $0.33 if register here
TV-Two Make Money Apps, games, Youtube, browsing Pending 555 credits if register here
Mistplay Games Pending /
FeaturePoints Suveys, offers, apps, cashback Pending 50 points if register here
Money SMS Receive SMS Pending /
BIGtoken Suveys, location sharing, social media account Pending Use code 'GMGALLOIA'
McMoney Receive SMS Pending $0.22 if using code '60LGG3PR'
Pi Network Crypto mining Pending (see here) To join you need a referral link
Roamler Mystery shopping Pending /
SMS Profit Net Receive SMS Pending /
Streetbees Surveys, tasks, create videos, take pictures Pending Enter code '6115GF' when signing up
Simcash Send SMS [risky] Pending /
VoxPopMe Video feedback Pending /
Cash4sms Send [risky] & receive SMS Pending /
Citizen Me Surveys Pending /
ControlMySMS Receive SMS Pending /
Birdchain Send SMS [risky] Pending /
Sweatcoin Walking Pending /
COIN Explore Pending 1000 coins if register here
Panel App Surveys, location sharing Pending /
GiftHunterClub Surveys, offers, videos, apps, games Pending $0.75 if register here
Phoneum Games, mining Pending /
Research
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Respondent Interviews, research, surveys Pending /
Prolific Surveys, research Paypal /
User testing
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
TestingTime Software testing Paypal /
uTest Software testing Pending /
PingPong Software testing Pending /
TryMyUI Software/UI testing Pending /
Testbirds Software/UI testing Pending /
Pulselabs Voice app testing Pending /
PlaytestCloud Game testing Pending /
Userlytics Software testing Pending /
Investing (revenue share)
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
PaidVerts Ad clicking, offers, revenue sharing Bitcoin /
MyTrafficValue Games, investing PayPal /
Selling (designs on merchandise, skills/gigs)
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Fiverr Sell your skills Pending 20% off on first purchase if register here
Redbubble Sell your designs Pending /
Zeerk Sell your skills Pending /
TeePublic Sell your designs Pending /
Teespring Sell your designs Pending /
Transcribing/Translating
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Rev Transcribing, captioning, foreign subtitles Pending /
Gotranscript Transcribing, translating captioning, foreign subtitles Pending /
TranscribeMe Transcribing, translating, data annotation Pending /
Unbabel Translating Pending /
Others
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Wealthy Affiliate Learn affiliate marketing Pending /
Brave Brows internet Pending /
Andromo Develop apps Pending /
The Netherlands specific
For The Netherlands there are a few very good options next to a bunch of ‘spaarprogramma’s. There ‘spaarprogramma’s are all the same where you receive and click a bunch of e-mails, advertisements, banners,... I advise you to create a separate e-mail address or use a good filter in your inbox as you will be spammed to death. I believe they can be a nice piece of beermoney but they take quite the effort.
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Euroclix Surveys, shopping & cashback, offers, energy/internet providers Bank transfer €1.95 if register here
StemPunt Surveys Gift cards 500 points if register here
Cashback XL Shopping cashback, health insurance discount Bank transfer /
Scoupy Shopping cashback, free products Pending /
Cashback Korting Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €7.50 if register here
Lady Cashback Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €7.50 if register here
Enqueteclub Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €7.50 if register here
Snel Verdienen Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €2.50 if register here
Spaar Actief Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Klik Je Zakgeld Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Zinngeld Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €0.10 if register here
My Clics Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.25 if register here
Direct Verdiend Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €2.00 if register here
Spaar4Cash Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.50 if register here
Qassa Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending /
My Flavours Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Cash Ze Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Geld Race Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.25 if register here
iPay Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.25 if register here
Double Points Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €2.00 if register here
Mailbeurs Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.50 if register here
Qlics Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.25 if register here
Centmail Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.50 if register here
Extra Euro Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.25 if register here
Gekken Goud Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Dutch Euro Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.50 if register here
Nu Cash Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register
Snel Euro Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Cash Hier Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.50 if register here
Betaalde Mails Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €2.00 if register here
Goudmails Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Online Cashen Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Crazy Mails Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Cash Paradijs Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Smart Clix Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €5.00 if register here
24/7 Discount Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending /
Beetje Zakgeld Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.25 if register here
Geldmolen Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.75 if register here
Online Zakcentje Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.50 if register here
Geldcircus Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €0.75 if register here
Lady Clix Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €0.99 if register here
Geldwolf Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Zilvervloot Read mails, click banners, shopping cashback, shopping deals, compare (GWL, data, internet, tv, insurances), offers, surveys Pending €1.00 if register here
Belgium specific
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Buffl Surveys Gift cards /

Sign-up bonuses

The one-time sign-up bonus programs are still to be found here. If you find a new one let me know so I can create the post to keep all the ref links together.

Saving money

Although it’s not really about making money online, it’s still nice to save some money as well when shopping online.
Register here How to earn Payment proof Sign-up bonus code
Honey Discounts & Cashback / 500 Honey Gold if register here
G2A Game keys / /
Kinguin Game keys / /
Allkeyshop Game keys / /
AliExpress Save on online shopping / $24 coupons if register here
Gearbest Save on online shopping / /

Other subs & resources

submitted by Proim to beermoneyglobal [link] [comments]

I had like 3 friends ask me how to build a PC in the past week so I made this to help them.

(Reddit Edit: Help my improve the document with productive constructive comments on what I got wrong or messed up! Im only human lol
Also a lot of this is supposed to be kinda humorous. I didn't think I had to say that but, hey, its the internet.
I appreciate the positive and productive comments! )
Beginners basic guide to building your own PC as of early 2018
(EDIT: Sorry for being a MSI/Corsair Fanboy)
Heres a collection of thoughts to consider when building your own personal PC
As always Id personally use PCPartPicker.com to configure your parts and for further thoughts on compatibility.
First off building a computer is 100% based around what you plan to use the computer for.
Here are a few uses and generic ideas of what to go for. Audio Editing: Lots of small tasks that need to be completed quickly without lag. - Fast Processor( >4GHZ) - Fast RAM (MHZ) -At least 16 gigs! - Fast Storage, SSD manditorily - M.2 or PCI for best performance. - Shitty Graphics card, graphics card there only to keep the cpu from doing other tasks when working. - Can be a few generations or years old. - Many screens for lots of plug in windows to be open Video Editing: Lots of large to render and files to read. - Multi core processor the more the merrier - SSD for fast read/write of large video files. - Insane graphics card, AMD graphics cards are debatibly better but the nvidia Quadro series are specific for video rendering. Gaming: No more than 4 cores intense graphics card - 92% of games are not coded for more than 4 cores so why spend the extra money for it. - SSD for quick load screens - Nvidia cards, 10 series, the higher the number the better. Titan cards for MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE! Coding: quick processor for lots of small tasks. Ergonomic peripherials? - Dear god please dont use a mechanical keyboard so that your coworkers dont kill you. Home office: Everything can be a few gens behind so you can get the best power per dollar spent. - Sorry that Gateway doesnt exist anymore. I guess try Dell... 
Parts (Expensive Legos)
CPU (tells things to go places and outputs data) Basically three main routes to go for: Intel, AMD, or ASIC. Intel - Gaming, Data center, Hackintosh Pros: Cooler, Faster speed (GHZ), short small tasks faster Cons: $$$$, less cores AMD - Gaming, Personal Computing, Large task processing Pros: Lots of cores, better price per performance, faster processing of large tasks Cons: Hot chips, large chips?, compatibility issues with MacOS. ASIC - "Application-specific integrated circuit" Pros: Does the task that they are made to do insanely efficently, great for mining. Cons: Literally does nothing else. Holy hell these are expensive, very hot (fans will get loud) CPU Cooler (Im a big fan) Most come with an in box cooler that are ok but please buy aftermarket. In Box - the free shitty cooler that comes with the processor. Pros: Free. Cons: Ugly, makes chip run hot, hard to clean Air cooler - oldest type of cooler but new designs are highly efficent. Pros: Only cooler that has the possibility of being 100% quiet, most likely cheaper Cons: large, if cooler isnt large enough for the chips thermal output the fans will be loud. Liquid - Custom pipes are beautiful, AIO is easy to install and offers similare performance. Pros: Looks cool, great temperatures, "quiet" Cons: Water pump has possibility of being loud, possible spills Phase Change - uses the technology of refridgerators to cool the chip Pros: Can overclock until the chip breaks. (whats colder than cold? ICE COLD!) Cons: Loud (compressor noise), Large pipes, just why.... Motherboard (the convienacnce store of computer parts) Really just about what type of I/O you want. - MAKE SURE FORM FACTOR FITS YOUR CASE! (or vice versa) - Look for PCI lanes for expansion. - How many graphic cards do you have? - PCI based interfaces? - PCI SSD? - PCI DAC? - PCI WIFI? - USbs? Network? Audio? - How many lanes of RAM? - DOES IT FIT YOUR PROCESSOR!?! (really tho) - M.2? - How many sata interaces? Good Brands: MSI, ASUS, Gigabyte Bad Brands: AS(s)Rock, Dell Memory (Dory) - The more the merrier - No less than 8gb for a functional windows machine (16 gb to never have a problem) - Use all the lanes your computer has to offer! the more lanes to access the faster the data can travel! -Imagine drinking a milkshake. If the straw is wider you can drink more of the milkshake than a skinny straw. - Faster MHZ for faster data access but give minimal performance differances - Please get ram with heat spreadders unles youre building a server with high airflow. - Make sure the type (DDR3 or DDR4) of RAM matches what your processomotherboard call for. Good Brands: Corsair, G.Skill, Ballistix Storage (Grandpa that remembers everythign about how things used to be but takes forever to learn a new tasK) Speed or massive storage? slower is cheaper. Golden ratio of speed/storage/price is 250-500 gb SSD and a 1+ tb disk drive. *Max speeds listed are for a single drive not RAID* Hard Disk Drives (HDD) - Cheapest and slowest - read/write speeds of < 0.5gb/s - 7200+ RPM or GTFO - Higher Speed drives can access data faster. - Do not move while powered up. physical parts will break. - Larger Cahche = faster Read/Write Speeds Pros: Cheap, Holds massive amounts of data Cons: Slower than molasses in a frezer Reputible Brands: Seagate, WD Solid State Drives (SSD) - necessity for quick boots and fast load screens (can only be re-written to so many times) - SATA based (2.5 inch)- Read/Write speeds capped @ 6 gb/s Pros: Most economical, form factor fits with old computers, Cons: "Slow" compared to other ssd's (but stil 12 times faster than a HDD) - M.2 based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 10 gb/s Pros: Size of a sick of gum! High End but not too expensive to be out of reach. Cons: Expensive for any size over 500 gb - PCI based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 20 gb/s for PCI3, x4 Pros: HOLY BANDWIDTH BATMAN! Faster than that little creepy ghost thats always in the corner of you eye Cons: You might have to take out a loan to buy one. *takes up a x4 PCI Lane* Reputible Brands: Samsung! Corsair, Plextor, Intel, Kingston, Crucial Video Card (that one kid that has thick glasses and is really good at math) - A regular old PCI card that handles all of the video rendering and output for your computer. - ASIC PCI cards. - The PCBs and chips are patented by two main companies but the differances come from line up and varying manufacturer cooling devices. - The more memory the better -NVIDIA (Team Green) Great for gaming, has specific card series for intensive rendering. Lazy driver updates. - Gaming - 900 series - Cheap - Low performance - Can play any video game made befrore 2010 on max settings - 1000 (ten) series - Expensive (thanks bitcoin miners...) - Great for VR! - Video Rendering -Quadro Series - Gaming and Rendering - Titan X - Maxwell based chip same as 900 series cards - Titan XP - Pascal based chip same as 10 series cards -AMD (Team Red) Underdog does the same thing but slighly worse and cheaper. (except video rendering) - Gaming - RX 400 series - Cheap - Hot - RX 500 series - Cheap - Ok at VR and deacent gaming frame rates. - Not bad but not particularly great either. - Video Rendering - Fire Pro series - Gaming and Rendering - Vega series -Good luck finding one to buy lmao Case (Fancy clothing for your parts!) - Similar to human clothing you want it to do a few main things really well with compromises for each extreme. - Durability - Steel - Incredibly durable - Creates Farady cage for components - Heavy af - Magnets, just magnets.... - Rust over time - Aluminium - Light - East to bend for modding or "physical maintenance" - Less likely to rust - Huzzah for Farady cages! - Plastic - Just dont - no electrical Ground - no faraday cage - Light AF! - Breath (Airflow) - positive internal airflow! - larger fans push the same amount of air with less speed/noise - Looks - Window? - RGB - Cool Paint? - Fit all your parts - graphics card length/ clearacne - support for liquid cooling raiators? - How many spots for HDD/SSDs - Motherboard format - Cable management! Power Supply (FIGHT MILK) - Rule of thumb: BUy Powersupply that outputs 1.5 times the wattage that you need. - You can walk further than you can you can run. - The PSU can casually output 50-75% power for much longer than at 90-100% (without failure) - If you never demand enough wattage for it to get hot the fan doesnt have to turn on therefore making it quieter. - Modular means you can remove/replace the cables from the PSU. Reputible Brands: Corsair, EVGA Optical Drive (motorized cup holder) - You can download most things today so I'd suggest against it unless you really NEED to watch/write DVD's/CD's Operating System (software that makes everything work) Windows (Always Updates) - Compatible with just about everything - Easy to learn to code on! - POS inital browser - Likely to get virus's Linux (Penguins are cute) - Unique - takes less resources to run - Barebones - Incredibly personalizable! - Compatibility issues with just about everything MacOS (Linux but more annoying) - It is legal! - Great for art and your grandma that doenst know how to use computers! - User friendly - Compatibility issues with various hardware - Confusing/Limiting coding structure Peripherials (cables everywhere!) - Keyboard (higer Polling rate is better) - Mechanical (key is pressed at an exact stroke length every time - Mouse (Higher Polling rate is better) - more buttons = better? - DPI (Dots Per Inch) - In theory, if a mouse has 1600 DPI, then, if you move your mouse one inch (2.54 cm), the mouse cursor will move 1600 pixels - Higher DPI the faster your cursor is able to be moved. - Monitor - In theory the human eye cant see faster than 60 frames per second. - Keep in mind Pixel ratio! - 4k screen that is 22inches will have more pixels in a square inch than a 4k screen that is 28 inches. - Interface? - DVI (Analog) - thumbscrews..... - can do two monitors with one port! - support for 4k - VGA (Analog) - thumbscrews... - max resolution is 1440p - Display Port (digital) - nice button clip - supports 4k - HDMI (Digital) - 1.2 or higer supports 4k - DAC/Speakers/Headphones - Dont even get me started - Microphone - Dont get me started PT.2 Other (other) - UPS (uninterruptible power supply) Just a battery that allows your computer to have some time if the power ever goes out so that you have time to save your work. - Cable Organization materials! - Zipties - velcro - LED LIGHTING! - Manditory - Extra/Better fans - More pressure, less woosh - IFIXIT Pro Tech Toolkit - becasue who buys just one torx wrench. - Cute kitten mousepad - Yes, it has to be a cat. Dont argue 
This is a very general entry into building computers and what you should buy/look for. If you have any questions/comments send me an e-mail!
-Zac Holley-
submitted by Zac_Attack13 to pcmasterrace [link] [comments]

I had like 3 friends ask me how to build a PC in the past week so I made this to help them. Feel free to use or send me an e-mail if you want the txt file

(Reddit Edit: Help my improve the document with productive comments on what I got wrong or messed up! Im only human lol
Also a lot of this is supposed to be kinda humorous. I didn't think I had to say that but, hey, its the internet.
I appreciate the positive and productive comments! )
Beginners basic guide to building your own PC as of early 2018
(EDIT: Sorry for being a MSI/Corsair Fanboy)
Heres a collection of thoughts to consider when building your own personal PC
As always Id personally use PCPartPicker.com to configure your parts and for further thoughts on compatibility.
First off building a computer is 100% based around what you plan to use the computer for.
Here are a few uses and generic ideas of what to go for. Audio Editing: Lots of small tasks that need to be completed quickly without lag. - Fast Processor( >4GHZ) - Fast RAM (MHZ) -At least 16 gigs! - Fast Storage, SSD manditorily - M.2 or PCI for best performance. - Shitty Graphics card, graphics card there only to keep the cpu from doing other tasks when working. - Can be a few generations or years old. - Many screens for lots of plug in windows to be open Video Editing: Lots of large to render and files to read. - Multi core processor the more the merrier - SSD for fast read/write of large video files. - Insane graphics card, AMD graphics cards are debatibly better but the nvidia Quadro series are specific for video rendering. Gaming: No more than 4 cores intense graphics card - 92% of games are not coded for more than 4 cores so why spend the extra money for it. - SSD for quick load screens - Nvidia cards, 10 series, the higher the number the better. Titan cards for MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE! Coding: quick processor for lots of small tasks. Ergonomic peripherials? - Dear god please dont use a mechanical keyboard so that your coworkers dont kill you. Home office: Everything can be a few gens behind so you can get the best power per dollar spent. - Sorry that Gateway doesnt exist anymore. I guess try Dell... 
Parts (Expensive Legos)
CPU (tells things to go places and outputs data) Basically three main routes to go for: Intel, AMD, or ASIC. Intel - Gaming, Data center, Hackintosh Pros: Cooler, Faster speed (GHZ), short small tasks faster Cons: $$$$, less cores AMD - Gaming, Personal Computing, Large task processing Pros: Lots of cores, better price per performance, faster processing of large tasks Cons: Hot chips, large chips?, compatibility issues with MacOS. ASIC - "Application-specific integrated circuit" Pros: Does the task that they are made to do insanely efficently, great for mining. Cons: Literally does nothing else. Holy hell these are expensive, very hot (fans will get loud) CPU Cooler (Im a big fan) Most come with an in box cooler that are ok but please buy aftermarket. In Box - the free shitty cooler that comes with the processor. Pros: Free. Cons: Ugly, makes chip run hot, hard to clean Air cooler - oldest type of cooler but new designs are highly efficent. Pros: Only cooler that has the possibility of being 100% quiet, most likely cheaper Cons: large, if cooler isnt large enough for the chips thermal output the fans will be loud. Liquid - Custom pipes are beautiful, AIO is easy to install and offers similare performance. Pros: Looks cool, great temperatures, "quiet" Cons: Water pump has possibility of being loud, possible spills Phase Change - uses the technology of refridgerators to cool the chip Pros: Can overclock until the chip breaks. (whats colder than cold? ICE COLD!) Cons: Loud (compressor noise), Large pipes, just why.... Motherboard (the convienacnce store of computer parts) Really just about what type of I/O you want. - MAKE SURE FORM FACTOR FITS YOUR CASE! (or vice versa) - Look for PCI lanes for expansion. - How many graphic cards do you have? - PCI based interfaces? - PCI SSD? - PCI DAC? - PCI WIFI? - USbs? Network? Audio? - How many lanes of RAM? - DOES IT FIT YOUR PROCESSOR!?! (really tho) - M.2? - How many sata interaces? Good Brands: MSI, ASUS, Gigabyte Bad Brands: AS(s)Rock, Dell Memory (Dory) - The more the merrier - No less than 8gb for a functional windows machine (16 gb to never have a problem) - Use all the lanes your computer has to offer! the more lanes to access the faster the data can travel! -Imagine drinking a milkshake. If the straw is wider you can drink more of the milkshake than a skinny straw. - Faster MHZ for faster data access but give minimal performance differances - Please get ram with heat spreadders unles youre building a server with high airflow. - Make sure the type (DDR3 or DDR4) of RAM matches what your processomotherboard call for. Good Brands: Corsair, G.Skill, Ballistix Storage (Grandpa that remembers everythign about how things used to be but takes forever to learn a new tasK) Speed or massive storage? slower is cheaper. Golden ratio of speed/storage/price is 250-500 gb SSD and a 1+ tb disk drive. *Max speeds listed are for a single drive not RAID* Hard Disk Drives (HDD) - Cheapest and slowest - read/write speeds of < 0.5gb/s - 7200+ RPM or GTFO - Higher Speed drives can access data faster. - Do not move while powered up. physical parts will break. - Larger Cahche = faster Read/Write Speeds Pros: Cheap, Holds massive amounts of data Cons: Slower than molasses in a frezer Reputible Brands: Seagate, WD Solid State Drives (SSD) - necessity for quick boots and fast load screens (can only be re-written to so many times) - SATA based (2.5 inch)- Read/Write speeds capped @ 6 gb/s Pros: Most economical, form factor fits with old computers, Cons: "Slow" compared to other ssd's (but stil 12 times faster than a HDD) - M.2 based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 10 gb/s Pros: Size of a sick of gum! High End but not too expensive to be out of reach. Cons: Expensive for any size over 500 gb - PCI based - Read/Write speeds capped @ 20 gb/s for PCI3, x4 Pros: HOLY BANDWIDTH BATMAN! Faster than that little creepy ghost thats always in the corner of you eye Cons: You might have to take out a loan to buy one. *takes up a x4 PCI Lane* Reputible Brands: Samsung! Corsair, Plextor, Intel, Kingston, Crucial Video Card (that one kid that has thick glasses and is really good at math) - A regular old PCI card that handles all of the video rendering and output for your computer. - ASIC PCI cards. - The PCBs and chips are patented by two main companies but the differances come from line up and varying manufacturer cooling devices. - The more memory the better -NVIDIA (Team Green) Great for gaming, has specific card series for intensive rendering. Lazy driver updates. - Gaming - 900 series - Cheap - Low performance - Can play any video game made befrore 2010 on max settings - 1000 (ten) series - Expensive (thanks bitcoin miners...) - Great for VR! - Video Rendering -Quadro Series - Gaming and Rendering - Titan X - Maxwell based chip same as 900 series cards - Titan XP - Pascal based chip same as 10 series cards -AMD (Team Red) Underdog does the same thing but slighly worse and cheaper. (except video rendering) - Gaming - RX 400 series - Cheap - Hot - RX 500 series - Cheap - Ok at VR and deacent gaming frame rates. - Not bad but not particularly great either. - Video Rendering - Fire Pro series - Gaming and Rendering - Vega series -Good luck finding one to buy lmao Case (Fancy clothing for your parts!) - Similar to human clothing you want it to do a few main things really well with compromises for each extreme. - Durability - Steel - Incredibly durable - Creates Farady cage for components - Heavy af - Magnets, just magnets.... - Rust over time - Aluminium - Light - East to bend for modding or "physical maintenance" - Less likely to rust - Huzzah for Farady cages! - Plastic - Just dont - no electrical Ground - no faraday cage - Light AF! - Breath (Airflow) - positive internal airflow! - larger fans push the same amount of air with less speed/noise - Looks - Window? - RGB - Cool Paint? - Fit all your parts - graphics card length/ clearacne - support for liquid cooling raiators? - How many spots for HDD/SSDs - Motherboard format - Cable management! Power Supply (FIGHT MILK) - Rule of thumb: BUy Powersupply that outputs 1.5 times the wattage that you need. - You can walk further than you can you can run. - The PSU can casually output 50-75% power for much longer than at 90-100% (without failure) - If you never demand enough wattage for it to get hot the fan doesnt have to turn on therefore making it quieter. - Modular means you can remove/replace the cables from the PSU. Reputible Brands: Corsair, EVGA Optical Drive (motorized cup holder) - You can download most things today so I'd suggest against it unless you really NEED to watch/write DVD's/CD's Operating System (software that makes everything work) Windows (Always Updates) - Compatible with just about everything - Easy to learn to code on! - POS inital browser - Likely to get virus's Linux (Penguins are cute) - Unique - takes less resources to run - Barebones - Incredibly personalizable! - Compatibility issues with just about everything MacOS (Linux but more annoying) - It is legal! - Great for art and your grandma that doenst know how to use computers! - User friendly - Compatibility issues with various hardware - Confusing/Limiting coding structure Peripherials (cables everywhere!) - Keyboard (higer Polling rate is better) - Mechanical (key is pressed at an exact stroke length every time - Mouse (Higher Polling rate is better) - more buttons = better? - DPI (Dots Per Inch) - In theory, if a mouse has 1600 DPI, then, if you move your mouse one inch (2.54 cm), the mouse cursor will move 1600 pixels - Higher DPI the faster your cursor is able to be moved. - Monitor - In theory the human eye cant see faster than 60 frames per second. - Keep in mind Pixel ratio! - 4k screen that is 22inches will have more pixels in a square inch than a 4k screen that is 28 inches. - Interface? - DVI (Analog) - thumbscrews..... - can do two monitors with one port! - support for 4k - VGA (Analog) - thumbscrews... - max resolution is 1440p - Display Port (digital) - nice button clip - supports 4k - HDMI (Digital) - 1.2 or higer supports 4k - DAC/Speakers/Headphones - Dont even get me started - Microphone - Dont get me started PT.2 Other (other) - UPS (uninterruptible power supply) Just a battery that allows your computer to have some time if the power ever goes out so that you have time to save your work. - Cable Organization materials! - Zipties - velcro - LED LIGHTING! - Manditory - Extra/Better fans - More pressure, less woosh - IFIXIT Pro Tech Toolkit - becasue who buys just one torx wrench. - Cute kitten mousepad - Yes, it has to be a cat. Dont argue 
This is a very general entry into building computers and what you should buy/look for. If you have any questions/comments send me an e-mail!
-Zac Holley-
submitted by Zac_Attack13 to buildapc [link] [comments]

IWTL how to mine & run a node for cryptonote/cryptonite coins like XMR, AEON, etc. etc.

I feel like more and more privacy is being taken away from us day by day, and truly feel like these cryptocurrencies will be the next big thing since bitcoin. Problem is I don't know how to run Linux or use command lines, and I have a 10 year old Windows XP AMD Athlon CPU that I want to run for running nodes and mining... I also have a MacBook Pro OsX, but I know doing those things on here are pretty much pointless, since I will more than likely burn up my laptop from the inside out.
So can anyone give me a tutorial on how to do these types of things, where I can run a minenode to help out these type of coins and profit over the electricity costs; in a very newbie friendly format for running and working Linux? I still need to install Linux as well, and can't seem to figure out how to run it on my Windows.
Thanks.
submitted by floam412 to IWantToLearn [link] [comments]

Looking to get a new laptop in the near future, for gaming and BitCoin mining.

1) What is your budget?
Unknown, I can probably get it to be >$2000 though. Let's first pretend that budget is negligible for now...
2) What size notebook would you prefer?
I'll be gaming on this, so 17" is optimal, but not necessary
3) Where will you buying this notebook?
USA
4) Are there any brands that you prefer or any you really don't like?
Not really
5) Would you consider laptops that are refurbished/redistributed?
Preferably no
6) What are the primary tasks will you be performing with this notebook?
Gaming, and BitCoin mining if possible (the electrical costs will not be factored in, so "breaking even" isn't an issue, but I'm looking for a passable speed of hashing)
7) Will you be taking the notebook with you to different places, leaving it on your desk or both?
Both. Light travel.
8) Will you be playing games on your notebook? If so, please state which games or types of games?
Yes, all types. Possibly MMORPG, MOBA, FPS. Really, any kind.
9) How many hours of battery life do you need?
The more, the merrier
10) Would you prefer to see the notebooks you're considering before purchasing it or buying a notebook on-line without seeing it is OK?
Online is OK.
11) What OS do you prefer? Windows (XP or Vista or Windows 7), Mac OS, Linux, etc.
Windows 7
Screen Specifics
1920X1080 or whatever is best/ best without a huge cash jump
12) From the choices below, what screen resolution(s) would you prefer?
1920X1080 most likely
13) Do you want a Glossy/reflective screen or a Matte/non-glossy screen?
Probably glossy, since this'll be for gaming.
Build Quality and Design
14) Are the notebook's looks and stylishness important to you?
As long as it's not ugly.
15) When are you buying this laptop?
Probably May-July.
16) How long do you want this laptop to last?
Long as possible.
Notebook Components
17) How much hard drive space do you need; 80GB to 640GB? Do you want a SSD drive?
The more, the merrier. SSD wanted, but unneeded.
18) Do you need an optical drive? If yes, a CDRW/DVD-ROM, DVD Burner or Blu-Ray drive?
Will probably get a Blu-Ray reader at least.
END NOTES:
Why not get a desktop? I can't.
Why don't you know your budget? Consider this a "gift."
BitCoins on a laptop? I can't get a desktop.
END THOUGHTS:
I'm probably going for a Radeon since I want to mine BTC. I'm thinking the 7970m (with CrossfireX if possible) but I have no idea when it'll come out or when the next, slightly better GPU will come out.
Thank you!
submitted by Vaeltaja to SuggestALaptop [link] [comments]

[Table] IAmA: I am Mikko Hypponen, a computer security expert. Ask me anything!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2014-12-02
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
Do you still do malware analysis as a part of your day job ? Do you have some advices for someone searching a job in the field ? You need to pick your focus area. What do you want to do? Penetration testing? Encryption? Malware analysis? Forensics? Underground intelligence? Counter-espionage? Then you need to find mentors and coaches. The easiest way to do this is via online forums dedicated to your focus area. For example, check forum.infosecmentors.com.
SANS has some great online resources for people starting up in this area: check them out.
Do you see malware analysis as a growth field for careers? Why? Good malware analysts will always get a job. And malware isn't going to go away any time soon.
It's not just security companies who are hiring people in this field. Many large companies and telcos have their own CERT teams which hire malware analysts.
Is it true that it isn't a huge challenge to modify malware in a way that it is not detected by any current anti virus program, so that people building bot nets or infiltrating computers with Trojans usually smuggle them past virus scanners? It's trivial to modify existing malware so that traditional antivirus programs won't detect it any more. It only takes couple of minutes.
That's why antivirus programs have been moving towards behaviour-based detection models as well as towards reputation-based detection models.
Do note that testing behaviour-based blocking is hard. That's why it's misleading when people post links to sites such as Virustotal as evidence that particular file is 'not detected by AVs'. There's no way to know if a particular antivirus would have blocked the file, unless you would try to run it.
"As far as we can see, this program has never been executed by anyone else anywhere. You are the first person on the planet to run this file. This is highly unusual. We will block this file, even though we can't find any known malware from the file"
The only problem with this scenario are software developers, who compile their own programs. They obviously are the first persons on the planet to run a particular program - as they made it themselves! They can easily whitelist their output folder to avoid this problem though.
Can you recommend any behaviour-based or reputation-based blocking software in particular (for Windows and/or OS X)? Well, our own antivirus has these built in.
Europol's cybercrime taskforce recently took down over a hundred darknet servers. Did the news shake your faith in TOR? People use Tor for surfing the normal web anonymized, and they use Tor Hidden Service for running websites that are only accessible for Tor users.
Both Tor use cases can be targeted by various kinds of attacks. Just like anywhere else, there is no absolute security in Tor either.
I guess the takedown showed more about capabilities of current law enforcement than anything else.
I use Tor regularily to gain access to sites in the Tor Hidden Service, but for proteting my own privacy, I don't rely on Tor. I use VPNs instead. In addition to providing you an exit node from another location, VPNs also encrypt your traffic. However, Tor is free and it's open source. Most VPNs are closed source, and you have to pay for them. And you have to rely on the VPN provider, so choose carefully. We have a VPN product of our own, which is what I use.
I use a VPN regularly from work to bypass filters, and at home to avoid those pesky cease-and-desists. Although I'm not a infosec professional I've always heard that how secure you are using a VPN is directly related to whether or not their logs of your traffic can be traced back to you. How secure in your opinion are VPN providers (such as PIA which I personally use)? And in wake of the prevalence of government surveillance now can VPN providers claims of 'not keeping logs' be trusted to protect privacy? Use a VPN provider you trust. Someone who's been in the security business for a long while. Also, aim for a vendor who doesn't store logs of user activity.
Do you keep logs on the VPN? Freedome stores no logs.
How safe are current smart phones and how secure are their connections? Are special phones used by politicians really safe, or do they get hacked as well? The operating systems on our current phones (and tablets) are clearly more secure than the operating systems on our computers. That's mostly because they are much more restricted.
Windows Phones and iOS devices don't have a real malware problem (they still have to worry about things like phishing though). Android is the only smartphone platform that has real-world malware for it (but most of that is found in China and is coming from 3rd party app stores).
It is interesting the Android is the first Linux distribution to have a real-world malware problem.
Lot's of people are afraid of the viruses and malware only simply because they are all over the news and realtively easy to explain to. I am personally more afraid of the silently allowed data mining (i.e. the amount of info Google can get their hands on) and social engineering style of "hacking". Companies like Google and Facebook make money by trying to gather as much information about you as they can. But Google and Facebook are not criminals and they are not breaking the law.
How would you compare these two different threats and their threat levels on Average Joes point of view - which of them is more likely to cause some harm. Or is there something else to be more afraid of even more (govermental level hacks/attacks)? There are different problems: problems with security and problems with privacy. Security problems come from criminals who do break the law and who directly try to steal from you with attacks like banking trojans or credit card keyloggers. Blanket surveillance of the internet also affects us all. But comparing these threats to each other is hard.
Thoughts on bitcoin from a security standpoint? Bitcoin is interesting, in many different ways.
I do believe in cryptocurrencies. It might not be Bitcoin that changes the world, but something built on that will.
We see Bitcoin in our line of work all the time. Wallet theft. Ransomware where Bitcoin are used to pay the ransoms. Mining trojans.
However, that's just like blaming cash for being too handy for drug dealers.
Bitcoin is just a tool. Can be used for good or bad.
Favorite debugging tool? I've always had a soft spot for the old DEBUG.EXE that shipped with MS-DOS...
N Yeah.com.
E0100 B0 13 CD 10 68 00 A0 07 31 FF B1 C8 E8 20 00 51.
E0110 B9 40 01 E8 19 00 D8 C3 DF 1C D8 E3 8A 04 DF 1C.
E0120 32 04 24 1F AA E2 EC 59 E2 E2 83 07 10 EB D9 89.
E0130 0C DF 04 D9 C0 DE 07 DE 74 04 D9 FE DE 4C 14 C3.
RCX.
40.
W.
Q
Is this real? Link to www.youtube.com. No, that's not how you break into a system in the real world.
Another timely rebuttal of movie hacking, speaking about the ads for the upcoming Black Hat movie: Link to carbon-dynamics.squarespace.com - this one is written by Dan Tentler.
With the rise of the Internet of Things, what measures can we take to better secure ourselves in regards to home devices (laptops, smart-tvs, etc)? Well, you won't be running an antivirus on your washing machine or toaster, that's for sure.
The real-world attacks against IoT devices are still limited - mostly because the ways of making money by hacking washing machines and so are limited.
As a result, the IoT security solutions aren't really widely available yet. They will be in the future though.
Is it unethical to release viruses that kill viruses? Or would it be hard to tell the good buys from the bad guys (eventually)? The idea of a 'good virus' has been discussed to death already years ago. The consensus is that anything good that could be done with self-replicating code could be done better without the replication.
See Dr. Vesselin Bontchev's seminal paper on this: Link to www.virusbtn.com
I have a dream. Link to i.imgur.com Nice pic...
Linux distributions generally don't need antivirus, but apart from the fact that most malware is written for Windows, why do you think this is? If linux became the popular choice on desktops, do you think it would be as prone to malware as Windows is? How about OS X? Most mobile malware IS written for Linux, since most smartphones run Linux.
So first and foremost, it's a question of market shares.
After that it's a question of attacker skillsets. If the attackers have been writing Windows malware since Windows XP, they aren't likely to stop and switch easily to OS X or Linux unless they have to. And they don't have to.
What's your take on security researchers withholding their findings regarding state sponsored malware for 'global security concerns'? Kaspersky and Symantec both withheld information about Reign malware. Is this common? Is it ethical? Why are security companies beholden to the intelligence community and not the people who pay them for their services and advice? How can this conflict of interest be resolved while retaining independence and integrity? Nobody was withholding detection. Everybody detected all Regin-related files they had, and protected the end users. Which one would you rather have us to do? Sign an NDA, get the samples and protect our users? Or not sign the NDA and not protect our users.
Many people I talk to about this privacy thingy say "I have nothing to hide, so why bother". Do you think this will ever change, that people would start caring about this? Have you already seen the general opinion sifting...? Some people will always say this. But they are always the people who haven't really thought it through.
If you have nothing to hide, you can't keep a secret. If you have nothing to hide, show me your search history. If you have nothing to hide, give me your password. If you have nothing to hide, I can't trust you.
At this point, what do you personally feel about security and mass surveillance in a post-Snowden world where still not much has changed? I've learned that many, many people just don't care. Which is depressing.
If you don't care about mass surveillance for your own case, how about caring on behalf of the future generations?
Last updated: 2014-12-06 14:37 UTC
This post was generated by a robot! Send all complaints to epsy.
submitted by tabledresser to tabled [link] [comments]

[Table] IAMA Malware Developer. AMAA

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2012-04-12
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Link to my post
Questions Answers
Have you ever been infected with malware, if so, how did you react? What should one do to avoid getting malware? Haha yeah I have been infected a few times, it is frusterating but most antivirus softwares do the trick unless you are infected with some undetectable malware. I always check hijack this and my outgoing connections a few times a week to make sure nothing suspicious is going on. To not get malware my best advise would be to not download cracked programs through torrents or warez sites. These are popular ways to spread malware. If you want to use pirated software run a keygen through sandboxie and use the legit installer. To avoid script exploits I recommend using a script blocking plugin such as noscripts for chrome or NoScript for firefox. Many ads are becoming ways to spread malware, you have to always be on the lookout.
How long does it take you to create the things you do? How did you learn to do it? How "good" are you at what you do and how long would it take, for instance, me (with no experience in programing whatsoever) to be at your level of goodness? It takes me about 1 month to create something from scratch that is of good quality. I learned it by teaching myself and looking at sources. It depends on how dedicated and of course how smart you are, but if you are intelligent you could probably learn in a year or two.
What's your testing process like - do you write unit tests? Do you test in various VMs and configurations to make sure it works? Do you have other developers to review your work? As far as the testing process goes, I test on 32 bit and 64 bit systems from xp to windows 7 to make sure all the functions work. Most of my programs are very different to each other, sometimes I make it hide in other running programs, sometimes it just sits in the open but is difficult to remove.
What are the most common, functional requirements that you apply to any malware (for example, must not show up in task manager)? What are the most common features that attract buyers for your products? What's the most common 'entry point' for an exploit of yours? (Examples: user downloads a crack, or user leaves firewall disabled, or user clicks on a link, or user connected to unsecure wifi)? People generally buy my product for stability and long lasting undetection so that it takes a while before most people realize they are infected. There are other features that are less important because they are found in many common malware programs.
What do you tell people you do for work in order to avoid being punched in the throat if you told them the truth? I just tell them I sell crack.
Can you, like, please stop? For you, thatgamerguy, anything.
Is it true that Macs are mostly safe from stuff like this? Macs and *nix systems are mostly safe because they aren't as widely used as windows, although they have just as many security flaws.
Can you speak to the programmers in the crowd as to what methodologies and strategies you use? As a c/c++ programmer of many years myself, I'm curious how you do what you do. How did you learn? Where might others learn? This fascinates me. For making things hard to delete my current method is to inject code into every process and hook the apis to delete and end processes. This prevents it from being deleted. If someone does manage to bypass the hook the injected code will just rewrite the malware to the disk. As far as networking, all you need to know is reverse socket connections with TCP. Check opensc.ws for more info about this stuff. That is the best site to learn at right now imo.
So, most redditors are very well informed with the internet/torrents/coding/engineering/blah blah blah/kittehs. Do you think your malware has infected anyone on this site? To expand, do you think the use of your malware is essentially easily avoidable to those who understand the internet gods? Could you explain any reasoning you could think of for why others would buy then implement your malware? And last but not least: ARE YOU MAGICALLY INFECTING MY COMPUTER RIGHT NOW?? WIZARD PROGRAMMER. Well I can't say for certain but probably it has infected people on this site purely because its so big. My job isn't to make it easy to infect people, just easy to hide on the computer. So if someone has some good exploits and can make the malware undetected then it is hard to know for certain if you are infected or not.
Mystic being of untold dark force, how might we convince you to use your powers for good? After I graduate I plan on work for a computer security company. As a college student I can't do much now.
Would you tell the security company that you used to develop malware? Lol nope.
How much money do the people make that buy your software? What prevents people from uploading your software to torrent sites or reselling it? My software generally has anti-crack protection on it so I can license it to a specific computer. People that use my software make varying amounts depending on what they use it for. I talked to someone that uses it to mine bitcoins with 50-100k bots, he makes about 20k a month.
Why do people pay so much to mess up other people's computers? I really don't know much about malware other then that it is bad... Did you get put on an FBI watch list or did they follow you around in a dark van? The people that buy my software make much more money from using it than I do selling it.
If your programs are supposed to work as part of a bigger whole, is there some sort of standard architecture your program specifically works under? Are the methods and ways of calling those methods meet some hacker standard, or do you publish an API with your script and just assume whoever uses your stuff is tech savvy enough to figure out everything they need to know? Could they easily read your code to see what you're doing or do you only send a binary/executable? Have you been surprised by any aspects of the industry you're taking part in? Does one segment seem a lot larger than you anticipated or did you come across a particular hacking technique you thought was rather interesting/inventive? I'm thinking on the level of channeling all the fractional pennies lost on rapid transactions to a bank account as being an interesting tactic... Do you individually sell/commission your programs or is there an equivalent to Amazon for such code? Where do you go to read news? I am sort of confused on this question. I am always surprised when people release good sophisticated malware which uses new methods to hide itself from the computer user. I never expected there would be such a huge supply of script kiddies who will buy software and barely know how to use it, only to hit someone offline on xbox live or something. I generally have someone else do the selling and finishing touches on my programs. I split some money with him.
Thanks for doing this AMA. Fuck all of the judgmental redditors. People don't offer to do IAMA's so that they can get bitched at by people on the internet. IAMA's are intended to give you an insight to a lifestyle that is not your own, so don't judge him for his choices. What OS do you do most of your programming on? When you're not programming, what OS do you use. What form of currency do you typically accept? Bitcoin? Do you use any recreational drugs? If so, do you obtain any of your drugs online? I use windows 7 64-bit to program on, and also use it for just regular usage. I accept bitcoins, Liberty Reserve, and Webmoney. I have done a lot of drugs but mainly I smoke bud, drop acid and do painkillers. I assume you are asking because of sites like silkroad? I have ordered off silkroad once but I get the same quality bud from my dealer so i didn't go back.
I have used the Silkroad, but I'm a member of a couple of private forums that give me access to much better stuff for cheaper. Do you use PGP encryption when communicating with your customers? My business partner actually is the one who dealers with the customers, but he does use it.
Got it. As long as you get paid, you could give a shit about the problems you cause for people. So, have you been a sociopath all your life or is this more recent? Well really I am not directly causing a problem to anyone because I don't use my own software. If I wasn't doing it someone else would just step in. Besides my programs don't steal credit card information and the like so the only real damage would be adware and posible dos attacks originating from your computer.
So you sort of make the bomb and let other people detonate it? So then its not your fault? Not trying to be accusatory, just wondering. Yeah and by that logic the people that sell others guns are just as involved as the people that use guns to kill people. I know what I am doing is technically morally wrong, and I will stop within a few months once I can find a job again.
Ever considered joining the good side? Getting a job at a anitivirus firm and using your knowledge about making malware to create software to prevent it? I would imagine that a knowledge like yours would be very useful for a antivirus software firm :) I plan on getting into computer security. As a college student coding malware is really one of the only ways I can make good money programming.
How "good" is your work? Will an anti-virus like achieve stop you? How wide spread is it. No, most of my programs are completely undetected until I stop making updates to it.
I'd ask for proof, but then I think that'd be a really silly thing to do. Have you written malware that functions on Linux? Besides the not stealing credit card information, what are your other ethical lines? I don't actually use my own software so I guess if that counts as an ethical line... I don't write malware for anything besides windows as its the most used operating system. If more people used mac and linux there would be as many viruses for those as there are for windows.
Have you ever been infected with your own malware? Yeah when I was testing without a VM (stupidly). Luckily I know how to remove programs I write myself...
, thank you for doing this AMA. Secondly, for most us out there who have loaded out with AV software and things like NoScript and Adblocker and such tell me, what behaviors or kinds of outgoing connections should we look for on our routers or scanners that might indicate infection? Its better to look at the process thats sending the outgoing connection, if its located in something like application data and has a startup entry, its probably malware.
Could you give me some examples on how to check this? I am always trying to expand my knowledge of these matters. Well the best way I know how to do it is with code, if you are interested in that I could send it to you. Otherwise use wireshark and process explorer or something.
Is the Free Anti-Virus/Spywear called AVG actually any good? Or do Malware programmers know that ALOT of people all over the world have it so create the malware so AVG etc will not discover it? Cheers. Most people create malware to make it undetected. Unless something is in the wild for a while most AVs will not detect it if its professionally coded.
As far as providing, I'm not necessarily sure how the law would work there. I can say with decent certainty that you're breaking tax laws though, I strongly doubt you're claiming your sales as income. That being said, I don't think you're scum. I was in the same place as you when I was a kid, and I did it solely because I wanted to say I could. It was less about causing harm and more about trying to learn. It just so happens that things like malware, especially that which allows remote intrusion, is very interesting. I was also heavily involved in the piracy scene, and major busts in 2001-2002 caused me to back out of it entirely. You mention the FBI, any reason why that didn't "scare you straight" so to speak? They only wanted information on an aquantince, I didn't give anything out and lawyered up. It did scare me long enough to stop for a year and pick a new nickname online to go by and also buy some vpns to gain some extra anonymity online. I don't think people that don't understand technology much truly get why it would be interesting to do stuff like this. Learning how to do it is a huge part, selling it is only secondary.
Do dark side developers these days ever just fuck around and make malware that wipes hard drives and stuff for fun? Not since the early 90's have I come across a story of anyone's hard drive getting wiped due to a virus etc. Most people are just focused on the money now. Also the new windows operatings systems have much better security so you can't easily get the rights to wipe a drive anyway.
I've made a virus in college when we were studying the Network Security topic. The professor of course didn't want to try it but asked me to explain exactly what I did. Anyway, one of the girls in my class asked for the code to duplicate it, modify it a little and claim she did the homework as well. So I gave her the source code as a help and when she "Run" it in on her machine it ruined many applications. Question to OP, do you have any similar stories like this? TL;DR: my college friend was screwed by my virus, OP do you have similar stories? Haha when I first started writing code in windows xp i fucked up my friends computer enough to force him to reformat.
How long does the process of scripting, and then finding people to sell to take? I would imagine this kind of thing takes many hours if not days, and what kind of skills do you need to have to be a malware developer such as yourself? I answered this before, but usually about a month for something of high quality. Depends on how much time I spend on it though. To develop malware you need to be an experienced coder, with knowlege of windows apis, memory manipulation, and networking.
Do you write polymorphic code ? I do not write polymorphic code because it would take much longer to develop.
What other hiding techniques do you know/apply other then encryption ? By hiding what do you mean? Injecting into memory is a popular way to hide running applications.
How many lines of code is a typical malware program from you? 5000-10000.
Is the malware all selfcontained or do you use 3rd party libraries? I don't use 3rd party libraries to cut down on exe size.
What's your largest botnet? How many bots? Which software would you use for monitoring incoming/outgoing port data? What languages do you code in? Which do you recommend learning for the future? No problem. I haven't run a botnet in over 3 years, but i had one of 10k at a time. There are many good vpns, nvpn, vip72 etc, just find one that doesn't log. Use wireshark or commview to monitor connections and processes. The use process explorer to look at the suspicious process. I code in C/C++ now, I started with Delphi but you could start with Java or anything really.
Do you feel a slight guilt from making your money via questionable sources? And how have you not been tracked down? Sort of I guess, i do feel a little bad that people use my software to infect other peoples computers, but it is not directly meant to harm the computer and steal information. I haven't been tracked down because I do my best to remain anonymous online through either a vpn or proxy.
You're being asked to zombify Linux desktops. What is your point of entry and how do you make it stick around? I am not expert on Linux, but the best way I suppose would be via an exploit. Once you have root control you could install a rootkit.
Hello there, nice AMA ! :-) 1. You said how much money you get per program already, but is that price fixed, or depends from the abilities of the program each time ? 2. Do you get follow-up money for the updates, or when you sell the product you don't touch it again ? 3. What do you consider as your ? Is there anything you have done and leaves you with a big-fat smile on your face every time you are thinking of it, and say "damn, I'm awesome." ? Well it depends on the abilities of the program and how much time I put into it. I do make some money from updates but usually most of the money is made within the first month. My best work was a P2P Bot which I modeled after khamedlia p2p protocol. I never sold this but I was pretty happy I figured out how to do it.
Can you talk about yourself in the real life? Do you meet the image of a computer hackemalware developer(like a neckbeard), or are you socially adept and have friends? How do you handle transactions? Like, how do you not get scammed by people buying malware? I am not socially akward, I have somewhat of a social life and have a good amount of friends. I work with a friend who handles all the transactions and also does some programming work, I get paid through him. The software can be disabled when people scam.
How do disable it.Does the binary listen to for constant external connection so if people scam you,disable it and please PM me the links. It checks through a database to see if its a verified user or not. What do you want me to PM you?
Any reason why not Bitcoins? Not really, its just a preference thing.
You make about 30K USD per program? And it takes you about a month to write a program? How many buyers do you get per program? Is this like 1K licensing fee for each of 30 customers, or more like $100 for each of 300 customers? Its more like $100 each for 300 customers.
If I sit down to a computer that is likely infected (ie run by a noob who downloads everything and has six toolbars on IE) should I assume that it is unsafe to type any passwords, etc on it? I wouldn't recommend using an infected computer at all, there is no way of knowing what type(s) of malware is installed on that system.
I bet those paid virus protection guys(like norton etc) knock on ur door to make a malware thingy, and the give them the "cure" so they can be the fastest with an update against it?! This doesn't happen as far as I know.
Do you feel any guilt that you do something that adds no value to society? I mean, a crack dealer at least provides a service to people... They get high. How is getting a high a value to soceity?
THAT EXPLAINS EVERYTHING. LET ME GUESS YOU EAT BABIES TOO? Only toasted ones.
Are you independent -- not employed by or affiliated with some larger organization? Aren't you more afraid of your customers and competitors than of law enforcement? Do you use anonymity tech such as Tor or VPN to protect yourself from all of the above? Yes, I use a vpn constantly.
When you sell malware, are you selling the source code, or just the tools to deploy/control it? Just the compiled binaries.
So basically you make malware so companies make and sell softwares to protect against new ones and is a never ending but profitable cycle? Pretty much, not that it justifies using malware but it is true that anti-virus companies probably profit more than I do.
How do you sleep at night? With a temper pedic
"Don't bother calling me a scumbag because I geniunely don't care." There you have it, why the world is a mess. I didn't make a thead so people could call me morally corrupt. When I say I don't care, I meant that I don't care if you call me a scumbag or not. I do feel bad for the people that get infected with my malware, but it really does not cause that much harm to the computer. It is up to the person who installs it whether he steals information or damages the computer or not.
I'll tell you point 1: Delphi, because every lamescriptkiddieforums have tutorials on writing uberundetectablesupertrojan. In delphi, of course. Actually thats right, I started with Delphi because it was easy to learn with, but moved to C/C++ later.
Bots are the easiest to code, but it takes time depending on the amount of features and undetectability.
Reverse connection is just an easy way to control bots, bots connect back to a master client which can issue commands. I don't program bots like this anymore, but many people still buy this kind of stuff.
I get paid via wmz and LR which I can then transfer to my own bank account if I want.
I use chrome and my desktop wallpaper is just a bunch of rainbow colored smoke lol.
Reddit has this fail safe the if you type in your social security number it only displays asterisks. It does the same for email. Watch: ***-**-****, ******@**********.com. Heres my cell phone number: 202-456-1414.
I got into it from the cheating scene in video games. I just thought this sort of stuff was very interesting, it took me a while before I started selling it, I used to give it all out for free. I will PM you a few sites I don't want to post here. People asking for a site, try opensc.ws.
Last updated: 2012-04-13 02:31 UTC | Next update: 2012-04-13 03:31 UTC
This post was generated by a robot! Send all complaints to epsy.
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GUIDE: Coin launches and being prepared.

New CryptoCoin launch preperation guide;
I've created this short guide for new users who want to jump in on the mining of a newly launched coins. Being prepared and getting on the network immediately will lead to you finding the earliest blocks (some coins have block rewards that are higher in the beginning)
Step One - Prepare the Data/Wallet directory
The first step in this guide will be to setup the directory that will hold your wallet data, config file and blockchain store. We want to set this up first so we can immediately start solo mining without screwing around with settings that are common across all CryptoCoin wallets.
Windows 7/8; C:\Users\YOURUSERNAME\Appdata\Roaming\COIN_NAME
Windows XP; C:\Documents and Settings\YOURUSERNAME\Appdata\Roaming\COIN_NAME
Linux; ~/.coinname/
MacOS X - ~/Library/Application Support/
Create a directory in one of the above directories that will match the name of the coin (ie: Bitcoin). In this directory we are going to make the default .conf file;
Default options listed in the COINNAME.conf will be as follows;
server=1
listen=1
daemon=1
rpcuser=YOUR_DESIRED_USER_NAME
rpcpassword=YOUR_DESIRED_PASSWORD
rpcport=NUMERIC_PORT_TO_LISTEN_ON
rpcconnect=127.0.0.1
Change the rpcport parameter to a generic port # if you plan on only having one batch file to start solo mining. WARNING, this method will interfere with mining if multiple wallets are running using the same port number. If the launch forum post lists default rpcport #s, use them instead of one generic port. (cryptocointalk/bitcointalk).
Pay attention to the original launch information forum post, adding nodes with addnode=ipaddress, can help speed up node discovery and wallet sync. You can add these options fairly quickly with a cut and paste.
If you have multiple rigs and plan to throw their hashes at the wallet if it's not on the same machine, use the .conf option rpcallowip=your.network.address.* (eg: rpcallowip=192.168.0.*).
Step Two - Create your .bat file
If you've been mining for awhile, this should be a simple step, otherwise, it is beyond this tutorial on how to fine tune your mining software.
The .bat file should only be a few lines long;
setx GPU_MAX_ALLOC_PERCENT 100 setx GPU_USE_SYNC_OBJECTS 1
cgminer --scrypt -o http://127.0.0.1:WALLET_RPCPORT_PARAM -u YOUR_USERNAME -p YOUR_PASSWORD the_rest_of_your_miner_config_here
This is the default for scrypt mining. Always pay attention to the announcement post for specific mining options (CPU only, keccek, scrypt-n, etc).
Change the IP address in -o option to your wallet machines ip address, should be you mining from a different machine. (making sure to set the above rpcallowip= correctly)
note: adding gen=1 to your config file will automatically start the wallets internal block generation routine, by passing the need to start your mining software. Just remember to edit this option later if you run the wallet continually and do no plan to directly mine.
Step Three - Mine!
Download and install/extract wallet, run the wallet. If everything is set correctly, you should be ahead of the game and finding blocks very quickly.
If you've found this post informative, I'm never opposed to receiving gifts of Litecoin :D LXFE81zFSTkzsV1TrRCtdy781F1aiEfYHe
also: If you have any additions to this guide, please PM or comment, so that I may correct any errors I may have included.
edit: formatting.
submitted by agentneuron to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

How To Mine Bitcoin On PC, Mac, Or Linux - YouTube Bitcoin Mining on Ubuntu 18.10 - Bitcoin Mining Software ... Bitcoin Mining In 5 Simple Steps Bitcoin Mining w/ 10 Laptops!!! $$ - YouTube How to mine Bitcoin Using Linux [2019] - YouTube

tar xzf bitcoin-0.20.1-x86_64-linux-gnu.tar.gz This will create the directory bitcoin-0.20.1 within your current working directory. We will install the contents of its bin subdirectory into the /usr/local/bin directory using the the install command. The install command is part of the GNU coreutils available on nearly every Linux distribution, and the /usr/local/bin directory is a standard ... Durch Bitcoins Mining können Sie Einheiten der virtuellen Bitcoin-Währung erhalten. Mit entsprechendem finanziellen Aufwand kann so jeder Computer-Besitzer nebenbei Geld verdienen. Wie das geht und was Sie dabei beachten sollten, erklären wir Ihnen in unserem Ratgeber. Bitcoin mining is the simplest way to support your computer's operations in the bitcoin world thanks to the processing power of your computer and to earn bitcoin in return. read more. Things to Know About Bitcoin Mining. Bitcoins, which are not production centers, have a dispersed network similar to Bittorent networks. Payments realized within the network reach the desired destination ... Bitcoin mining tends to gravitate towards countries with cheap electricity. As Bitcoin mining is somewhat centralized, 10-15 mining companies have claimed the vast majority of network hash power. With many of these companies in the same country, only a number of countries mine and export a significant amount of bitcoins. China. China mines the most bitcoins and therefore ends up “exporting ... How Bitcoin Mining Works. Where do bitcoins come from? With paper money, a government decides when to print and distribute money. Bitcoin doesn't have a central government. With Bitcoin, miners use special software to solve math problems and are issued a certain number of bitcoins in exchange. This provides a smart way to issue the currency and also creates an incentive for more people to mine ...

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How To Mine Bitcoin On PC, Mac, Or Linux - YouTube

In this video, I'm going to show you how to start mining Bitcoin on Linux/Debian based operating systems. https://bitcoinminingsoftware2019.com/bitcoin-minin... insta - csp_96 #csp #linuxforce # apt-get update # apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential # apt-get install autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3... How To Mine Bitcoin On PC, Mac, Or Linux - Duration: 21:41. Crypto Miner Tips 348 views. 21:41 . How Much Can You Make Mining Bitcoin With 6X 1080 Ti Beginners Guide - Duration: 19:20. How Much ... In this episode of Crypto Miner Tips, we go over how to get started Bitcoin Mining with a PC. However, the mining software mentioned in this tutorial can be ... Mining cryptocurrency with some extra laptops I had lying around. SUBSCRIBE for more on how to get started mining cryptocurrency!!

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